Carrie Williams Clifford (September 1862, Chillicothe, Ohio-November 10, 1934) is a writer, club member, and activist of the American Women’s Rights and Civil Rights Movement .  Growing up and educated in Ohio, Clifford left the state and taught in Parkersburg, West Virginia for three years. In 1886, she returned to Cleveland, Ohio, married Ohio Congressman William H. Clifford, and became a member of the Engaged Women’s Club.
In 1908, she moved to Washington, DC with her husband and two children, Morris and Joshua.  Clifford died on November 10, 1934, and  was buried in Woodland Cemetery in Cleveland, Ohio. While living in Cleveland, Clifford founded the Minerva Book Club to discuss current social issues.
Her work as the assistant recording secretary of the National Association of Women of Color led her to found the Ohio Federation of Women’s Clubs of Color in 1901. She served as the first chairman of the organization during her stay in Cleveland.
Clifford established a close relationship with W. E. B. DuBois, starting with her presiding over his speech in Cleveland. At his request, Clifford helped organize a women’s support organization within the Niagara Movement and successfully recruited a large number of women representatives for the Niagara Movement Conference held in Boston in 1907.
Once she moved to Washington, D.C., she would regularly host Sunday night gatherings, frequented by Du Bois and other black activists involved in the Harlem Renaissance, such as Mary Church Terrell.
When the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People developed from the Niagara Movement, Clifford transitioned to the new organization, served on the Central Leadership Council, and served as the leader of the organization’s work on children’s issues. She worked with other prominent black radical women, including Mary Church Terrell and Addie D. Waites Hunton, on this and other issues, including lynching.
Clifford’s anti-lynching work included helping organize a silent march in Washington, DC in 1922, and meeting with President William Taft to show that the NAACP supports anti-lynching reforms. In addition to working for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Clifford often serves as a lecturer, speaking on issues related to politics and race.