Who is Severino Reyes? Fun with Google Doodles, The Life and Drama

#Severino Reyes’ 161st Birthday # Date: February 11, 2022 Today’s Doodle celebrates the 161st birthday of Filipino author and playwright Severino Reyes. Widely regarded as the “Father of Filipino Drama,” Reyes is not only internationally renowned for his famous zarzuelas.

Severino Reyes, famous playwright, author, playwright, and known as one of the greats of Tagalog and Filipino literature of the early 20th century, was born in Sri Lanka, Manila on February 11, 1861. Tacruz.

#Severino Reyes' 161st Birthday # Date: February 11, 2022 Today’s Doodle celebrates the 161st birthday of Filipino author and playwright Severino Reyes. Widely regarded as the “Father of Filipino Drama,” Reyes is not only internationally renowned for his famous zarzuelas.

Reyes is best known for creating “Mga Kuwento ni Lola Basyang” (The Story of Lola Basyang), a series of fairy tales told by Lola Basyang, an old woman whose ancient baul is full of old story.

The stories appeared in Liwayway magazine, which he co-founded on November 18, 1922, and eventually became the magazine’s most widely read essay feature.

Reyes is also considered the father of Filipino theatre due to his contributions in art and literature.

One of the most quoted and famous plays he created is zarzuela “Walang Sugat” (No Wounds), which deals with the bravery and dedication of the Katipuneros or the local revolutionary army in the Philippines in the late Spanish occupation.

Reyes died on September 15, 1942, at the age of 81.

The life of Severino

Decades ago, before rock, melody and RnB hits on the music scene, there were zarzuela who ruled the country. Today, Zarzuela is a long-forgotten art form that experienced a dramatic setback in the 1930s with the advent of vaudeville and film. Zarzuela is a musical that takes its name from the Palacio de Zarzuela near Madrid, where entertainment called “fiesta de la zarzuela” was held for members of the royal family. zarzuela was introduced to the Philippines in the 19th century by Spanish director Alejandro Cubero. Soon, zarzuela was called sarsuwela in the Philippines. It was later adapted into vernacular. The 20th century saw the rise of the Tagalog sarsuwela through the efforts of sarsuwelistas such as Hermogenes Ilagan and Severino Reyes.

Severino Reyes born

Severino Reyes was born on February 11, 1861 in St. Petersburg. Cruz, Manila. His parents are Rufino Reyes and Andrea Rivera. He received his early education at an institution owned by Catalino Sanchez and studied at the Escuela de Segunda Enseñanza in Colegio de San Juan de Letran, where he received his Bachelor of Arts. He went on to pursue a degree in philosophy at the University of St. Thomas. He is fluent in Tagalog and Spanish, and has considerable knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew, as well as several Filipino dialects. He was a well-read man who could converse with deep knowledge of religion, philosophy, history, literature, art, and science.

He is married to his childhood playmate, Maria Paz Puato. They were fortunate enough to have 17 children. To avoid being drafted into the Spanish army to fight the Muslims in Mindanao and Sulu, he accepted a clerical job at the Tesoreria General de Hacienda. However, he struggled to support his family on a low income. He quit his job and decided to open a shop around the corner from Calle Ascarraga.

In 1902, Reyes created and directed Gran Compania de Zarzuela Tagala, which rose to prominence at the time. It presented its first one-act work, Ang Kalupi, at Teatro Zorilla in April 1902. The company travels extensively, hosting shows in neighboring towns and provinces.

On June 14, 1902, the company staged his play “Walang Sugat” (No Injury), which was set in Bulacan during the Philippine Revolution. Walang Sugat dealt with the bravery and dedication of the Katipuneros or the local revolutionary army in the Philippines in the later period of the Spanish occupation. This marked the beginning of the golden age of Zarzuela in the Philippines. Also in 1902, Reyes staged a comedy in Manila called R.I.P (The Cat of Rest in Pace), which claimed that komedya was dead and ready for burial. The angry komedyantes, in full costume, rocked his house on horseback. Other Tagalog zarzuelas he wrote also received thunderous applause, including Minda Mora, Mga Bihag ni Cupido, Ang Bagong Fausto, Ang Tunay na Hukom, Ang Tatlong Bituin, Margaritang Mananahi, Ang Halik ng Isang Patay and Luha ng Kagalakan.

Severino Reyes is recognized in other countries for his mastery of drama. Governor Taft presented his theatrical program at the St. Louis World’s Fair and the Panama Pacific International Exposition. Reyes also pioneered the Tagalog literary revival in his day for his role in founding Liwayway magazine in 1922.

It was on Liwayway’s page that Don Severino’s Mga Kuwento Ni Lola Basyang appeared, a character Reyes based on a neighbor named Gervacia de Guzman. The story of “Lola Basyang” eventually became Liwayway’s most widely read prose feature. For years, readers have mistaken the real “Lola Basyan” as an old woman full of old stories, stuck in her ancient bag, only to later discover that she’s actually a man.

In fact, Severino Reyes is one of the mainstays of Filipino art and literature. To this day, the name Lola Basyang is still used by different art forms, stages and TV shows. Lola Basyang became a common name in Filipino society, depicting an old grandmother who loved to tell stories to her grandchildren. The stories she tells are always meant to teach morality lessons to the children who listen. No one can deny the important contributions of Severino Reyes from the early 20th century to today, even more than 50 years after his death.

During the Japanese occupation, he suffered from a heart attack and was once locked up in the hospital. He died on September 15, 1942.

Today, zarzuela is no longer in fashion, it has lost its appeal as a form of pop culture and is now considered part of the older generation. But the zarzuela remains an integral part of our theatrical tradition and legacy, so we salute the organizations that have worked hard to revitalize the zarzuela. Zarzuela is an art and we must cherish it because it expresses Filipino ingenuity.