Luanshya is a small town in the Copperbelt province of Zambia, near Ndola. Its population is 117,579 (2008 census).
Luanshya was founded in the early 20th century when two William Collier seekers / explorers shot and killed a wandering antelope on the banks of the Luanshya River and discovered copper deposits in the process. The antelope fell to the ground, its head resting on a rock, where exposed copper streaks can be seen. The mining company established to exploit the Collier discoveries was called “Roan Antelope Copper Mine Co., Ltd.”.
For most of the 20th century, Luanshya mined copper in large quantities, but by the end of the century, mining there became less and less economical, leading to serious deterioration in the city. There are still many copper mines underground. The recovery of the city’s fate will depend on the efficiency of copper mining and sales.